Results of Kenyan Election Blighted by Errors

Results announced by the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC) are again blighted by errors, calling the validity of Kenya’s presidential re-run into question.

On October 30th, Uhuru Kenyatta was declared winner of the latest presidential election – but the win remains dogged by questions of legitimacy. He was declared president-elect after a historically low turnout of 38 percent, demonstrated by IEBC statistics, and an opposition boycott that excluded significant parts of the country from the poll.

This statement includes examples of errors on the forms, including significant alterations of results from Garissa.

KYSY has identified errors and inconsistencies in the results announced yesterday, including significant and unexplained changes in the Register of Voters. There are also differences between the mathematical and announced total of valid votes cast; and, differences between the total valid votes cast recorded on constituency results Forms 34B and those announced.

Multiple Forms 34B also show that returning officers did not receive all the polling station results Forms 34A from their respective constituencies. This is significant, as it means that constituency level tallies were conducted without all polling station results.

KYSY deployed approximately 2,000 observers in 44 of the 47 counties around the country to observe election and human rights violations. The observers are responsible for monitoring Election Day processes, and transmitting photos of posted Forms 34A (polling station-level results) and Forms 34B (constituency-level tally of results). KYSY also monitors and analyses results posted on the official IEBC website.

 Changing Register of Voters

The Register of Voters has changed for the fourth time since it was gazetted in June. To date, none of these changes has been addressed or explained by the IEBC. The Register is a critical document, serving as a check on voter fraud and as the primary reference for voter turnout calculations, boundary delimitation and a host of other election-related activities.

The current lack of a definitive number of registered voters is rooted in the unresolved issues with the Register in the pre-election period. In fact, following KPMG’s audit of the Register, KYSY noted unexplained differences between the biographic and biometric lists of voters, unexplained increases in the Register after registration closed, the presence of over a million dead voters in the final Register and serious data gaps in the reference documents used to create the Register.

The lack of a definitive and credible Register threatens the validity of results and the Commission. See below tables for details.

Aggregate Changes in the Register of Voters: June – October 2017

Date Number of Registered Voters Change
June 2017 19,611,423 N/A
August 2017 19,637,061 +25,638
October 26, 2017 19,728,124 +91,063
October 28, 2017 19,671,944 -56,180
October 30, 2017 19,611,366 -60,578